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golf swing biomechanics biomechanics of the golf swing

Golf Swing Biomechanics - Part 5

"Understanding the biomechanics of the golf swing."

Biomechanics of Golf Swing Overview:

  • Learn what YOUR neutral grip is (Part 1)
  • The CORRECT ball position for every club (Part 2)
  • The CORRECT swing shape (Part 3)
  • How far back YOU can take the club (Part 4)
  • How to play within YOUR style. (Part 5)

You will have many options to choose from and we'll show you how to find the ones that will work for you. Once you have all of your "components" you won't need to experiment any longer!


Once we have gone through our pre-shot we now start the initial mechanical and mental programming procedures.

Approach the ball from behind and follow this order for success.

Verify these six Impact Alignments:

  1. Clubface to Target Line
  2. Grip to Clubface
  3. Hands to Ball
  4. The Plane Angle Pressure Points
  5. Position of the Trailing Forearm
  6. Balance, Grip, and Plane Line

These MUST be verified before EVERY shot!

Now we're ready to start the backstroke.


Once address is completed we can start the backstroke. As discussed earlier, this involves two separate movements. These movements are controlled from the waist up.

The lower body should be moved by the upper body if the player is flexible enough, if not, then allow it to move freely in both directions:

  • The hands and arms - the vertical plane.
  • The shoulders - the horizontal or inclined plane.

At this point we would like to remind you that Address and Impact are NOT THE SAME! The only thing that has not changed is the ball position.

You may use any backstroke procedure you choose.

There are basically three backstroke procedures to choose from:

  1. A one piece takeaway - Jack Nicklaus and Tiger Woods
  2. A two piece takeaway - Ernie Els, David Duval, Karrie Webb, Anika Sorenstam
  3. A three piece takeaway - Raymond Floyd, Nancy Lopez

Choose anyone you wish that feels comfortable and natural.

What initiates the backstroke? Ask ten different instructors and you will get ten different answers.

Some player's feel it starts with turning the shoulders, some feel it may be the hips, and still others think and feel it's the hands.

We believe it is a combination of the hands, trailing forearm, AND shoulder turn that start the backstroke. Earlier we talked about the role of the hands, arms, and shoulders during the backstroke.

They absolutely must work together and synchronous if the club is to stay on plane!

As the club starts back the clubhead must point at the base of the plane line until the clubshaft reaches parallel to the plane line and horizontal to the ground.

As the club starts upward then the butt of the club must point at an extension of the base of the plane until it reaches the top of the swing.

If you can't get the clubshaft to parallel, then the butt of the club Must point to the base of the plane line.

 If you are one of the few that can get the shaft to parallel, then it should be parallel to the base of the plane line.

The hip sequence (how the hips move) for full swing shots is always the same. They Turn, Slide, Turn.

A great majority of players think the hips slide in the backstroke (shifting weight).

While this certainly is an option it eliminates creating any rotating force of the body.

A better procedure would be the one described above. It is the option that the majority of the world's best players use.


Chuck Evans, G.S.E.D.

P.S. Visit our website for more information on how to become the best player YOU can be.

About the author: Chuck Evans is one of only 31 Teachers in the world to hold the designation of "Doctorate in Golf Stroke Engineering", he is one of the most highly sought after instructors in the world not only by players but other teachers as well and is known as the Teacher of Teachers. His DVD, "60 Days To Game Improvement" has sold in excess of 10,000 copies and his new eBook, "How To Build YOUR Golf Swing" is in the library of amateurs and Teaching Professional alike.

Related Pages

Golf Swing Biomechanics Part 1 - How to make a perfect golf swing every time - Improve your golf swing with these tips on using the proper grip and posture when addressing the ball.

Golf Swing Biomechanics Part 2 - How to improve your golf score with the correct club components when addressing the ball - Correct ball position means the club shaft should lean forward at impact.

Golf Swing Biomechanics Part 3 - Aim and alignment tips - For the best swing, set the clubface square or perpendicular to the target line first - Then set your feet, knees, hips, and shoulders parallel to the target line.

Golf Swing Biomechanics Part 4 - How to determine the length of arc on your backswing that's best for you - Which pre-shot factors to consider before every shot - Visualizing the shot and ball flight.

Three Golf Swing Secrets - The three most important parts of the golf swing - Discover three secrets that will make you a better golfer - Flat left wrist, straight plane line, and lagging clubhead.

Articles - A complete list of all our golfing tips.

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